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OIL FIELD CHEMICALS

ECC manufactures and supplies a comprehensive range of oil field production chemicals and industrial chemicals. ECC has an extensive range of applications, including crude oil water separation, water injection treatment, enhancing oil well productivity as well as crude oil pumping and flowing. ECC Oil Field Chemicals can also be used to protect down hole completions, pipelines and process facilities against corrosion and scale formation.

DEMULSIFIERS

Demulsifiers are speciality chemicals designed for breaking emulsions. They are used for separating water from oil, for example. Demulsifiers are commonly used in the processing of crude oil, where water and salt are removed from the crude oil before refining, to prevent corrosion issues.

Demulsifiers speed up water droplet coalescence by:

  • Decreasing and cancelling out the electrostatic forces of repulsion between water droplets
  • Bringing well-dispersed water droplets closer together through flocculation
  • Decreasing surface tension between the water droplets, speeding up coalescence and formation of bigger droplets thus increasing the speed of separation
There are two types of demulsifiers: oil-soluble demulsifiers and water-soluble demulsifiers. The selection of demulsifier depends on the type of emulsions to be seperated.
Demulsifiers are either injected down hole or in the production manifold, in batches or continuously. It is essential to monitor and optimize the demulsifier performance on a regular basis depending on the field operating conditions.

An emulsion is a stable dispersion of one liquid in a second immiscible liquid, such as milk (fat dispersed in water).

Crude oil contains natural surfactants which, when mixed with water, can emulsify the water into the oil. The more common type of emulsion is water dispersed in oil, but “reverse” emulsion (oil in water) can also occur. Emulsions raise the bottom sediment and water (BS&W) of oil and are often very viscous.

Emulsification is the process of dispersing one liquid in a second immiscible liquid; the largest groups of emulsifying agents are soaps, detergents, and other surface-active compounds (Surfactants).

In an emulsion, the combined sedimentation and coalescence of emulsified drops of the dispersed phase so that they will settle out of the carrier liquid; this can be accomplished mechanically (in settlers, cyclones, or centrifuges) with or without the aid of chemical additives to increase the surface tension of the droplets. This is known as emulsion breaking.

This diagram shows an emulsion resolution:

  • ECC 204ECC 204 Demulsifier is a blend of non-ionic surface active emulsion breakers. The product was developed through bottle testing in the field. This product is used to treat a crude oil in the (24-35) API gravity range. Product selection was based on fast clean water drop, interface quality, and residual BS&W in the oil phase. Application Method It is recommended that ECC 204 be applied with a chemical injection pump at the inlet to the gas - liquid separators at the facility.
  • ECC 213ECC 213 Demulsifier is a highly efficient demulsifier for breaking tight emulsions in crude oils. The product was developed through bottle testing at the production facility and consists of a blend of non-ionic surface active emulsion breakers specially formulated for crude oils in the 20-25 API gravity range. Product formulation is designed to remove BS&W in the oil phase, with fast clean water drop and interface quality. Application Method It is recommended that ECC 213 be applied with a chemical injection pump at the inlet to the gas - liquid separators at the facility.
  • ECC 214ECC 214 Demulsifier is a blend of non-ionic surface active emulsion breakers especially formulated for the asphaltenic crude oils. The product was developed through bottle testing at the production facility. Product selection was based on fast clean water drop, interface quality and residual BS&W in the oil phase. Application Method It is recommended that ECC 214 be applied with a chemical injection pump at the inlet to the facility.
  • ECC 221ECC 221 Demulsifier is a very fast water dropper formulated for waxy crude oil with high API gravity (above 40). The product was developed through bottle testing at the field facility and consists of a blend of non-ionic surface active emulsion breakers and solids control agents specially formulated for waxy crude oils. Product formulation is designed to remove BS&W in the oil phase, with fast clean water drop and interface quality. Application Method It is recommended that ECC 221 Demulsifier be applied with a chemical injection pump at the inlet to the facility.
  • ECC 227ECC 227 Demulsifier is a blend of non-ionic surface active emulsion breakers and solids control agents. The product was developed through bottle testing at the field facilities and is formulated to treat asphaltenic crude oil in the 25-29 API gravity range. It is a very efficient demulsifier for treating tight emulsions formed after acid jobs, and is a good dropper as well as breaker. Product formulation is designed to remove BS&W in the oil phase, with fast clean water drop and interface quality. Application Method It is recommended that ECC 227 be applied with a chemical injection pump at the inlet to the facility.
  • ECC 235ECC 235 Demulsifier is a blend of non-ionic surface active emulsion breakers and solids control agents. The product was developed through bottle testing at the field facilities. Product formulation is designed to remove BS&W in the oil phase, with fast clean water drop and interface quality. Application Method It is recommended that ECC 235 be applied with a chemical injection pump at the inlet to the facility.
  • ECC 237ECC 237 Demulsifier is a blend of non-ionic surface active emulsion breakers and solids control agents. The product was developed through bottle testing at the field facilities and is a dropper/emulsion breaking demulsifier formulated for the treatment of trunk lines that transport the crude from offshore to onshore facilities as it does not have a tendency for re-emulsification. Product formulation is designed to remove BS&W in the oil phase, with fast clean water drop and interface quality. Application Method It is recommended that ECC 237 be applied with a chemical injection pump at the inlet to the facility.
  • ECC 241ECC 241 Demulsifier is a blend of non-ionic surface active emulsion breakers and solids control agents specially formulated for crude oils in the 20-25 API Gravity range. ECC-241 was developed through bottle testing at the field facility and is a highly efficient demulsifier for breaking tight crude oil emulsions. Product formulation is designed to remove BS&W in the oil phase, with fast clean water drop and interface quality. Application Method It is recommended that ECC 241 Demulsifier be applied with a chemical injection pump at the inlet to the facility.
  • ECC 244ECC 244 Demulsifier is a blend of non-ionic surface active emulsion breakers and solids control agents especially formulated for crude oils. The product was developed through bottle testing at the field facility. ECC 244 is formulated to treat asphaltenic crude oil in the (24-26) API gravity range. Product selection was based on fast clean water drop, interface quality and residual BS&W in the oil phase. Application Method It is recommended that ECC 244 be applied with a chemical injection pump at the inlet to the facility.
  • ECC 249ECC 249 demulsifier is a blend of non-ionic surface active emulsion breakers and solids control agents especially formulated for crude oils. The product was developed through bottle testing at the field facility. Product selection was based on fast clean water drop, interface quality and residual BS&W in the oil phase. This formulation used to break tight emulsions of mixed asphaltic/paraffinic crude providing a sharp interface and clear water. Water-wets the solids, dropping them to the water phase. ECC 249 is a desalting agent. Application Method It is recommended that ECC 249 be applied with a chemical injection pump at the inlet to the facility.
  • ECC 254Demulsifier is a blend of non-ionic surface active emulsion breakers and solids control agents especially formulated for crude oils. The product was developed through bottle testing at the field facility. Product selection was based on fast clean water drop, interface quality and residual BS&W in the oil phase. Application Method It is recommended that ECC 245 be applied with a chemical injection pump at the inlet to the facility.
  • ECC 260ECC 260 Demulsifier is Very fast water dropper formulated for waxy crude oil with high API gravity (above 40 API). It consists of a blend of non-ionic surface active emulsion breakers and solids control agents especially formulated for crude oils. The product was developed through bottle testing at the field facility. Product selection was based on fast clean water drop, interface quality and residual BS&W in the oil phase. Application Method It is recommended that ECC 260 be applied with a chemical injection pump at the inlet to the facility.
  • ECC 2111ECC 2111 Demulsifier is a blend of non-ionic surface active emulsion breakers and solids control agents. The product was developed through bottle testing at the field facilities. Product selection was based on fast clean water drop, interface quality and residual BS &W in the oil phase. Application Method It is recommended that ECC 2111 be applied with a chemical injection pump at the inlet to the facility.
  • ECC 2294ECC 2294 Demulsifier is a blend of non-ionic surface active emulsion breakers and solids control agents especially formulated for crude oils. The product was developed through bottle testing at the field facility. Product selection was based on fast clean water drop, interface quality and residual BS&W in the oil phase. Application Method It is recommended that ECC 2294 be applied with a chemical injection pump at the inlet to the facility.
  • ECC 2459ECC 2459 Demulsifier is a blend of non-ionic surface active emulsion breakers and solids control agents. The product was developed through bottle testing at the field facilities. Product selection was based on fast clean water drop, interface quality and residual BS&W in the oil phase. ECC-2459 is effectively treating the asphaltenic crude oils having API between (24-26) providing a primary water separation and treats the entrained water. Application Method It is recommended that ECC 2459 be applied with a chemical injection pump at the inlet to the facility.
  • ECC 21480ECC 21480 Demulsifier is a blend of non-ionic surface active emulsion breakers and solids control agents. The product was developed through bottle testing at the field facilities. Product selection was based on fast clean water drop, interface quality and residual BS&W in the oil phase. ECC 21480 demulsifier is highly efficient for crude oil emulsions with low API at tank batteries, or other gathering points. Application Method It is recommended that ECC 21480 be applied with a chemical injection pump at the inlet to the facility.
  • ECC 26114ECC 26114 Demulsifier is a blend of non-ionic surface active emulsion breakers and solids control agents. The product was developed through bottle testing at the field facilities. Product selection was based on fast clean water drop, interface quality and residual BS &W in the oil phase. This product is formulated for high asphaltenic crude with high viscosity. It acts as very fast dropper that lead to the viscosity reduction and can be considered as viscosity modifier. Application Method It is recommended that ECC 26114 be applied with a chemical injection pump at the inlet to the facility.
POUR POINT DEPRESSANT (PPD)

Pour point depressants are designed to control wax crystal formation in paraffin and crude oil and reduce the temperature at which they are able to flow (their pour point).

ECC pour point depressants prevent wax deposition in pipes, which can significantly reduce pressure levels and adversely affect production. They are particularly useful for oils with a high wax content or pour point, and in low temperature environments.

Crude oil or condensate can contain heavy hydrocarbon molecules, which form a solid ‘wax’ phase under certain operating conditions. Wax becomes less soluble at lower temperatures. In a sub sea pipeline, for example, crude oil will gradually cool and at wax appearance temperature (WAT) or cloud point, the wax will become less soluble, increasing the solid phase content of the oil and causing wax deposition. If wax builds up on the pipe wall, the internal pipe diameter will decrease, increasing frictional pressure, restricting flow and effectively reducing pipeline capacity.

ECC PPDs allow you to maximize capacity and therefore productivity. They are comprised of surfactant-type chemical and aromatic solvent, which aids the solubility of paraffin waxes.

PPDs can be applied at low temperatures, even at temperatures below WAT. They are commonly applied in high doses during periodic slugs, or continuously at low concentrations.

Wax is label used to encompass a range of many difficult components. Generally petroleum waxes are high molecular weight paraffinic compounds with chain lengths in the range of C10 to C70+. Waxes of chain length > C40 are termed microcrystalline wax. Microcrystalline wax deposits are extremely tenacious and very difficult to remove by normal methods (hot-oil flushing, solvent washing, etc), which is why Pour Point Depressants are so important.

Wax deposition problems can also be treated with wax dispersants and wax dissolvers.

  • ECC 802ECC- 802 POUR POINT DEPRESSANT is a concentrated blend of high molecular weight polymers in an aromatic solvent. This product is designed to improve the handling of crude oils by lowering the pour point and improving the cold flow characteristics. ECC- 802 also functions as a paraffin inhibitor by crystal distortion to prevent the deposition of heavy insoluble deposits. This product can be mixed with kerosene, diesel fuel or aromatic solvents. Application Method ECC- 802 should be applied continuously into the crude at a rate of 50 to 500 ppm to achieve the required pour point specifications
  • ECC 808ECC- 808 POUR POINT DEPRESSANT is an Alkylated Polyester Amide, Copolymer, and wax composition that functions as a pour point depressant for crude oils and heavy oils. This formulation used as a wax crystal modifier for crude oils and heavy fuel oils. It is normally applied to crude above its crystallization point or heated and mixed. It can be used neat, when hot, or diluted with heavy aromatic naphtha, toluene, or xylene for continuous or batch injection. Application Method ECC-808 should be applied continuously into the crude at a rate of 50 to 500 ppm to achieve the required pour point specifications.
  • ECC 815ECC- 815 POUR POINT DEPRESSANT is a concentrated blend of high molecular weight polymers in an aromatic solvent. This product is designed to improve the handling of crude oils by lowering the pour point and improving the cold flow characteristics. ECC- 815 also functions as a paraffin inhibitor by crystal distortion to prevent the deposition of heavy insoluble deposits. This product can be mixed with kerosene, diesel fuel or aromatic solvents. Application Method ECC-815 should be applied continuously into the crude at a rate of 50 to 500 ppm to achieve the required pour point specifications.
  • ECC 816ECC- 816 POUR POINT DEPRESSANT is a co-polymer of Maleic anhydride with alpha olefins substituted with fatty alcohols. This product is designed to improve the handling of crude oils by lowering the pour point and improving the cold flow characteristics. ECC-816 is used as a wax crystal modifier for crude oils and heavy fuel oils. Can be diluted with heavy aromatic naphtha, toluene, or Xylene for continuous or batch injection. Normally applied to crude above its crystallization point or heated and mixed. Application Method ECC-816 should be applied continuously into the crude at a rate of 50 to 500 ppm to achieve the required pour point specifications.
  • ECC 817ECC-817 POUR POINT DEPRESSANT is a special polymer that can be blended with other polymers and added to crude oil to reduce its pour point so that it can be pumped at lower temperatures. The polymer is able to modify the wax crystals that occur when the oil is cooled which results in a reduced tendency for the crystals to interlock and form a gel, hence reducing the pour point. It is liquid pour point depressant that eliminates the need for ISO drum heating jacket for melting of the product. So it can be used safely offshore for gas wells application. It can be injected offshore to keep the condensate subsea lines free from any paraffin deposits. Application Method ECC-817 must be added to the oil above its cloud point. It can be added at the wellhead if the oil is hot enough, or after it is heated in the process.
  • ECC 819ECC-819 POUR POINT DEPRESSANT is a concentrated blend of high molecular weight polymers in an aromatic solvent. This product is designed to improve the handling of crude oils by lowering the pour point and improving the cold flow characteristics. ECC-819 also functions as a paraffin inhibitor by crystal distortion to prevent the deposition of heavy insoluble deposits. This product can be mixed with kerosene, diesel fuel or aromatic solvents. These formulations contain synergistic blends of paraffin dispersant, heavy aromatic solvents and pour point depressant; not only to penetrate and disperse the paraffin, but also to isolate the paraffin molecules by forming a coating around them to inhibit their growth. It can be pumped down the casing annulus, and allowed to contact the paraffin for 12 to 24 hours. Application Method ECC-819 should be applied continuously into the crude at a rate of 50 to 500 ppm to achieve the required pour point specifications.
  • ECC 835 TECC-835-T POUR POINT DEPRESSANT is a special polymer that can be blended with other polymers and added to crude oil to reduce its pour point so that it can be pumped at lower temperatures. The polymer is able to modify the wax crystals that occur when the oil is cooled which results in a reduced tendency for the crystals to interlock and form a gel, hence reducing the pour point. It is liquid pour point depressant that eliminates the need for ISO drum heating jacket for melting of the product. So it can be used safely offshore for gas wells application. It can be injected offshore to keep the condensate subsea lines free from any paraffin deposits. Application Method ECC-835-T must be added to the oil above its cloud point. It can be added at the wellhead if the oil is hot enough, or after it is heated in the process.
  • ECC 842ECC-842 POUR POINT DEPRESSANT used to disperse and remove paraffin deposits in pipelines, gathering systems, oil handling and storage equipment, and in refineries. It can be used in its concentrated form or can be diluted with heavy aromatic naphtha, diesel fuel or xylene for ease of handling. It is particularly effective in pipeline pigging operations as a single step product. Application Method ECC-842 should be applied continuously into the crude at a rate of 50 to 500 ppm to achieve the required pour point specifications.
  • ECC 843ECC-843 POUR POINT DEPRESSANT is a concentrated blend of high molecular weight polymers in an Aliphatic solvent. This product is designed to improve the handling of crude oils by lowering the pour point and improving the cold flow characteristics. ECC-843 also functions as a paraffin inhibitor by crystal distortion to prevent the deposition of heavy insoluble deposits. This product can be mixed with kerosene, diesel fuel or aromatic solvents. Application Method ECC-843 should be applied continuously into the crude at a rate of 50 to 500 ppm to achieve the required pour point specifications.
  • ECC 854ECC-854 POUR POINT DEPRESSANT is a concentrated blend of high molecular weight polymers in an aromatic solvent. This product is designed to improve the handling of crude oils by lowering the pour point and improving the cold flow characteristics. ECC-854 also functions as a paraffin inhibitor by crystal distortion to prevent the deposition of heavy insoluble deposits. This product can be mixed with kerosene, diesel fuel or aromatic solvents. Application Method ECC-854 should be applied continuously into the crude at a rate of 50 to 500 ppm to achieve the required pour point specifications.
  • ECC 859ECC-859 POUR POINT DEPRESSANT is a concentrated blend of high molecular weight polymers in an aromatic solvent. This product is designed to improve the handling of crude oils by lowering the pour point and improving the cold flow characteristics. ECC-859 also functions as a paraffin inhibitor by crystal distortion to prevent the deposition of heavy insoluble deposits. This product can be mixed with kerosene, diesel fuel or aromatic solvents. Application Method ECC-859 should be applied continuously into the crude at a rate of 50 to 500 ppm to achieve the required pour point specifications.
  • ECC 81009ECC-81009 POUR POINT DEPRESSANT is a concentrated blend of high molecular weight polymers in an aromatic solvent. This product is designed to improve the handling of crude oils by lowering the pour point and improving the cold flow characteristics. This product has shown excellent performance in crystal modification-type paraffin inhibition. Crystal modifiers interfere with the normal crystal growth pattern and prevent the growth of paraffin into insoluble deposits. Application Method ECC-81009 should be applied continuously into the crude at a rate of 50 to 500 ppm to achieve the required pour point specifications.
  • ECC 84003ECC-84003 POUR POINT DEPRESSANT / PARAFFIN DISPERSANT is a polyacrylate, polyethylene (PE), vinyl ester, copolymer, in hydrocarbon solvent, which modify the wax crystallization in crude oils, thus preventing and retarding the growth of interlocking crystals. ECC-84003 can be used when crude oils are pumped, stored or handeled at temprature below its natural PPT. ECC 84003 should be injected at temp. at least 200C higher than the natural PPT of the crude to obtain optimal efficiency. Application Method ECC-84003 must be added to the oil above its cloud point. It can be added at the wellhead if the oil is hot enough, or after it is heated in the process
  • ECC 84780ECC-84780 POUR POINT DEPRESSANT is a concentrated blend of high molecular weight polymers in an aromatic solvent. This product is designed to improve the handling of crude oils by lowering the pour point and improving the cold flow characteristics. This product has shown excellent performance in crystal modification-type paraffin inhibition. Crystal modifiers interfere with the normal crystal growth pattern and prevent the growth of paraffin into insoluble deposits. Application Method ECC-84780 should be applied continuously into the crude at a rate of 50 to 500 ppm to achieve the required pour point specifications.
CORROSION INHIBITORS

Corrosion inhibitors will protect your production plant and associated flow lines and pipelines from corrosive environments, such as produced water and seawater.

Corrosion can be defined as degradation of material as a result of a chemical reaction with its environment.

There are a number of contributing factors to corrosion, and it is important to identify the cause before an effective solution can be applied.

Corrosion resistant alloys have developed considerably over the past few decades, yet carbon steel still constitutes an estimated 99% of material used in the oil industry. Whilst a cost effective option, being 3-5 times cheaper than stainless steel, its corrosion resistance in aggressive environments is poor. A corrosion inhibitor, is the best way for cost savings to be realised.

Successful and economic inhibitor selection depends on careful and reliable laboratory testing prior to field trials. We carefully test all our corrosion inhibitors using cutting edge equipment.

There are a number of different corrosion attack forms:

Uniform corrosion:

  • ECC 501ECC- 501 Corrosion Inhibitor is a unique blend of filming amines and surfactants in a water-based blend. This product will inhibit corrosion caused by oilfield brines, organic acids, carbon dioxide and hydrogen sulfide. Application Method Continuous application of ECC-501 at a rate of 0.5 – 1 pint per MMSCFD of gas, or 10 to 30 ppm based on liquids, is recommended to control corrosion in gas systems.
  • ECC 504ECC-504 Corrosion Inhibitor is a unique blend of filming amines and surfactants in a water-based blend. In addition, this product will inhibit corrosion caused by oilfield brines, organic acids, carbon dioxide and hydrogen sulfide. It also contains additives that prevent emulsions from forming in produced liquids. Application Method Continuous application of ECC-504 at a rate of 2 to 10 litres per 30 103m3 of gas is recommended to control corrosion in gas systems.
  • ECC 510ECC-510 Corrosion Inhibitor is a unique blend of filming amines and surfactants in a water-based blend. In addition, this product will inhibit corrosion caused by oilfield brines, organic acids, carbon dioxide and hydrogen sulfide. It also contains additives that prevent emulsions from forming in produced fluids. ECC-510 can be used in a batch treatment of oil producers. Application Method Continuous application of ECC-510 at a rate of 2 to 10 litres per 30 103m3 of gas, or 10 to 100 ppm based on liquids, is recommended to control corrosion in gas systems.
  • ECC 525ECC-525 Corrosion Inhibitor is a unique blend of filming amines and surfactants in a water-based blend. This product will inhibit corrosion caused by oilfield brines, organic acids, carbon dioxide and hydrogen sulfide. Application Method Continuous application of ECC-525 corrosion inhibitor at 10-50 ppm is the typical dose to prevent corrosion in oil field production and water injection systems.
  • ECC 528ECC-528 Corrosion Inhibitor is a unique blend of filming amines and surfactants in a water-based blend. This product will inhibit corrosion caused by oilfield brines, organic acids, carbon dioxide and hydrogen sulfide. Application Method Continuous application of ECC-528 at a rate of 0.5 – 1 pint per MMSCFD of gas, or 10 to 30 ppm based on liquids, is recommended to control corrosion in gas systems.
  • ECC 528 SECC-528S Corrosion Inhibitor is a unique blend of filming amines and surfactants in a water-based blend. This product will inhibit corrosion caused by oilfield brines, organic acids, carbon dioxide and hydrogen sulfide. It can be injected continuously at the wellhead or through a slip stream down the annulus in an open hole completion. It is highly stable at high temperature. Application Method Continuous application of ECC-528S at a rate of 0.5 – 1 pint per MMSCFD of gas, or 10 to 30 ppm based on liquids, is recommended to control corrosion in gas systems.
  • ECC 529ECC-529 Corrosion Inhibitor is a unique blend of imidazoline ,quat./pyridine and amine alkoxylate with co-solvent in a water-based blend. This product will inhibit corrosion caused by oilfield brines, organic acids, carbon dioxide and hydrogen sulfide. It is thermally stable. Application Method Continuous application of ECC-529 at a rate of 0.5 – 1 pint per MMSCFD of gas, or 10 to 30 ppm based on liquids, is recommended to control corrosion in gas systems.
  • ECC 549ECC-549 Corrosion Inhibitor is a unique blend of filming amines and surfactants. This product contains a vapor phase component. This product will inhibit corrosion caused by oilfield brines, organic acids, carbon dioxide and hydrogen sulfide. It also contains additives that prevent emulsions from forming in produced liquids. Application Method Continuous application of ECC-549 at a rate of 2 to 5 liters per 30.103m3 of gas is recommended to control corrosion in gas systems.
BIOCIDES

ECC biocides or bactericides control a wide range of bacteria in both aerobic and anaerobic environments (including sulphate reducers). They can be used in fresh water, sea water and low brines, and can help you to control the activity of bacteria in your systems.

ECC provide a wide range of biocide chemicals, but the main ones used for the treatment of bacteria in oil fields are:

Quat and amines.

Quaternary ammonium compound acts as an active surface detergent that increases the penetration of the cell membrane formed from water and minerals salt.

Aldehyde groups.

Aldehyde groups act as bactericides which kill bacteria growth by changing the DNA structure and stopping the action of bacteria. Aldehyde are not very good at penetrating bio-films, and are often blended with other chemicals such as quaternary ammonium compound to improve their penetration efficiency

Tetrakis (hydroxymethyl) phosphonium sulfate (THPS)

THPS is a new class of anti-microbial agent which offers superior anti-microbial activity, controlling the growth of bacteria, algae and fungi, with minimum effects on the environment. THPS’s benefits include low toxicity, low dosage and rapid breakdown in the environment.

  • ECC 703ECC-703 Biocide is a water soluble, glutaraldehyde based product formulated to control both aerobic and anaerobic bacteria. ECC-703 prevents the growth of bacteria and microbial - inorganic deposits by providing control of sulfate reducing bacteria (SRB) and other types of bacteria. ECC-703 is very effective in the prevention of biofilms. Application Method ECC-703 is recommended for use in cooling tower and closed system and wherever stagnant water may be present in production systems.
  • ECC 704ECC-704 Biocide is a water soluble, quaternary / glutaraldehyde based product formulated to control both aerobic and anaerobic bacteria. ECC-704 prevents the growth of bacteria and microbial - inorganic deposits by providing control of sulfate reducing bacteria (SRB) and other types of bacteria. ECC-704 is very effective in the prevention of biofilms. This product has a greater penetrating power on bacteria films than products that contain only gluteraldehyde. Application Method ECC-704 is recommended for use in cooling tower and closed system and wherever stagnant water may be present in production systems.
  • ECC 707ECC-707 Biocide is a water soluble, quaternary / glutaraldehyde based product formulated to control both aerobic and anaerobic bacteria. ECC-707 prevents the growth of bacteria and microbial - inorganic deposits by providing control of sulfate reducing bacteria (SRB) and other types of bacteria. ECC-707 is very effective in the prevention of biofilms. This product has a greater penetrating power on bacteria films than products that contain only gluteraldehyde. Application Method ECC-707 is recommended for use in cooling tower and closed system and wherever stagnant water may be present in production systems.
  • ECC 708ECC-708 Biocide is a water soluble, glutaraldehyde based product formulated to control both aerobic and anaerobic bacteria. ECC-708 prevents the growth of bacteria and microbial - inorganic deposits by providing control of sulfate reducing bacteria (SRB) and other types of bacteria. ECC-708 is very effective in the prevention of biofilms. Application Method ECC-708 can be used in oil field subsurface injection water such as water disposal systems and water floods.
  • ECC 730ECC-730 Biocide is a liquid microbiocide for use in controlling the growth of slime forming, both aerobic and anaerobic bacteria. ECC-730 prevents the growth of bacteria and microbial - inorganic deposits by providing control of sulfate reducing bacteria (SRB) and other types of bacteria. ECC-730 Bronopol solution is a solution of 1,3,5-TRIS (2-HYDROXYETHYL) HEXAHYDRO-1,3,5-TRIAZINE. Triazine solution is a liquid microbiocide for use to inhibit the gross of bacteria in the industrial water, process water, oil and gas fluid, oil and gas pipeline and tank maintenance. Application Method ECC-730 is recommended for use in oil field water floods and wherever stagnant water may be present in production systems.
  • ECC 71208ECC-71208 Biocide is a water soluble, THPS based product formulated to control both aerobic and anaerobic bacteria. ECC-71208 prevents the growth of bacteria and microbial - inorganic deposits by providing control of sulfate reducing bacteria (SRB) and other types of bacteria. ECC-71208 is very effective in the prevention of biofilms. This product has a greater penetrating power on bacteria films than products that contain only gluteraldehyde. Application Method ECC-71208 is recommended for use in cooling tower and closed system and wherever stagnant water may be present in production systems.
  • ECC 71209ECC-71209 Biocide is a water soluble, quaternary / THPS based product formulated to control both aerobic and anaerobic bacteria. ECC-71209 prevents the growth of bacteria and microbial - inorganic deposits by providing control of sulfate reducing bacteria (SRB) and other types of bacteria. ECC-71209 is very effective in the prevention of biofilms. This product has a greater penetrating power on bacteria films than products that contain only gluteraldehyde. Application Method ECC-71209 is recommended for use in cooling tower and closed system and wherever stagnant water may be present in production systems.
HYDROGEN SULFIDE SCAVENGERS

Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) is a colorless, flammable and extremely hazardous gas, which occurs naturally in the oil and gas industry. Many chemicals readily react with H2S including caustic, peroxides, formaldehyde, nitrites and many types of amines.

Hydrogen sulfide scavengers convert the H2S or mercaptans (group of sulfur-containing organic chemical substances) into other sulfur compounds, improving environmental, health and safety compliance, as well as increasing production efficicency and improving operational reliability.

There are three types of Hydrogen sulfide scavengers: water-soluble, oil-soluble and metal-based:

Water-soluble scavengers

Water-soluble scavengers are among the most common scavengers and are often the product of choice for applications at temperatures below 200°F (93°C). Economical costs and fast reaction rates make them attractive options. Moreover, due to their water solubility, they add a minimum amount of nitrogen to the fuel. These are the preferred additives for use in LPG, resides and crude oils.

Oil-soluble scavengers

Oil-soluble scavengers are used in high-temperature applications or when water tolerance of the hydrocarbon is an issue. These products are typically amine based and perform as effectively as water-soluble additives. These products react with H2S irreversibly to form a thermally stable, oil soluble alkyl sulfide. They can be applied at a wide range of temperatures, from ambient up to 350°F (177°C), and are often the product of choice for viscous heavy oils and resids.

Metal-based scavengers

Metal-based scavengers answer the specific needs of very high temperature and high-H2S concentration applications. These additives can be used at temperatures in excess of 350°F (177°C) to form thermally stable products and are able to provide H2S reduction levels that other H2Sscavengers cannot achieve.

  • ECC 926ECC-926 Hydrogen Sulfide Scavenger is designed for use in applications where hydrogen sulfide is dissolved in oil. This product contains a surfactant that with minor agitation will cause ECC-926 to disperse in oil based fluids, where it will react rapidly with hydrogen sulfide to form stable, water soluble products. Unlike many other conventional hydrogen scavengers, ECC-926 is unaffected by the presence of carbon dioxide and continues to effectively remove the hydrogen sulfide. Application Method Hydrogen Sulfide is a poisonous gas that is deadly at high concentrations. In moderate concentrations, it is a serious threat to anyone exposed to the gas.
  • ECC 927ECC-927 Hydrogen Sulfide Scavenger is designed for use in applications where hydrogen sulfide is dissolved in oil. This product contains a surfactant that with minor agitation will cause ECC-927 to disperse in oil based fluids, where it will react rapidly with hydrogen sulfide to form stable, water soluble products. Unlike many other conventional hydrogen scavengers, ECC-927 is unaffected by the presence of carbon dioxide and continues to effectively remove the hydrogen sulfide. Application Method Hydrogen Sulfide is a poisonous gas that is deadly at high concentrations. In moderate concentrations, it is a serious threat to anyone exposed to the gas.
  • ECC 929ECC-929 Hydrogen Sulfide Scavenger is a hydrogen sulfide (H2S) scavenger for flowline and bubble tower applications. ECC-HSC929 scavenger will react rapidly with hydrogen sulfide to form stable, water soluble products that can be injected down disposal wells. Unlike many conventional scavengers, ECC-HSC929 scavenger is unaffected by the presence of carbon dioxide and continues to remove H2S efficiently. ECC-HSC929 scavenger should preferably be injected continuously at a wellhead or separator to remove hydrogen sulfide from gas. Application Method Hydrogen Sulfide is a poisonous gas that is deadly at high concentrations. In moderate concentrations, it is a serious threat to anyone exposed to the gas.
  • ECC 932ECCHSC-932 Hydrogen Sulfide Scavenger is designed for use in applications where hydrogen sulfide is dissolved in oil. This product is Triazine based product that with minor agitation will cause ECC HSC-932 to disperse in oil based fluids, where it will react rapidly with hydrogen sulfide to form stable, water soluble products. Unlike many other conventional hydrogen scavengers, ECC HSC-932 is unaffected by the presence of carbon dioxide and continues to effectively remove the hydrogen sulfide. Application Method Hydrogen Sulfide is a poisonous gas that is deadly at high concentrations. In moderate concentrations, it is a serious threat to anyone exposed to the gas.
  • ECC 9321ECCHSC-9321 Hydrogen Sulfide Scavenger is designed for use in applications where hydrogen sulfide is dissolved in oil. This product is Triazine based product that with minor agitation will cause ECC HSC-9321 to disperse in oil based fluids, where it will react rapidly with hydrogen sulfide to form stable, water soluble products. Unlike many other conventional hydrogen scavengers, ECC HSC-9321 is unaffected by the presence of carbon dioxide and continues to effectively remove the hydrogen sulfide. Application Method Hydrogen Sulfide is a poisonous gas that is deadly at high concentrations. In moderate concentrations, it is a serious threat to anyone exposed to the gas.
  • ECC 9322ECC HSC-9322 is a hydrogen sulfide (H2S) scavenger for flow line and bubble tower applications. ECC-HSC9322 H2S scavenger is an oil soluble alkyl amine-formaldehyde condensate that functions as hydrogen sulfide scavenger for the gas system. ECC-HSC 9322 H2S scavenger is fast and effective in sulfide removal. It can be used in gas system applications, produces oil-soluble solutions and enhances control of the micro organisms. Application Method Hydrogen Sulfide is a poisonous gas that is deadly at high concentrations. In moderate concentrations, it is a serious threat to anyone exposed to the gas.
VISCOSITY MODIFIERS

Viscosity modifiers reduce the change in viscosity of a lubricant when it is subjected to changes in temperature.

At high temperatures the lubricant polymer chains uncoil, occupying more volume, thickening and becoming less viscous. At low temperatures, polymer chains coil more, thicken less and become increasingly viscous.

Viscosity modifiers balance this change, so as lubricants cool and heat their viscosity level is maintained.

  • ECC 402ECC-402 Viscosity Modifier is a blend of aromatic solvents with a surface-active chemical. This product is capable of removing asphaltene, bituminous and paraffinic type deposits from pumps and perforations. The chemical additive affects the surface tension of the crude oil / solvent mixture which helps hold the asphaltenes in a colloidal solution. Application Method ECC-402 will have a dissolving power similar to that of xylene or toluene, but with a greatly improved capacity to carry undissolved Asphaltene in solution.
  • ECC 406ECC-406 Viscosity Modifier is a blend of aromatic solvents with a surface-active chemical. This product is capable of removing asphaltene, bituminous and paraffinic type deposits from pumps and perforations. The chemical additive affects the surface tension of the crude oil / solvent mixture which helps hold the asphaltenes in a colloidal solution. Application Method ECC-406 will have a dissolving power similar to that of xylene or toluene, but with a greatly improved capacity to carry undissolved Asphaltene in solution.
  • ECC 407ECC-407 Viscosity Modifier is a blend of aromatic solvents with a surface-active chemical. This product is capable of removing asphaltene, bituminous and paraffinic type deposits from pumps and perforations. The chemical additive affects the surface tension of the crude oil / solvent mixture which helps hold the asphaltenes in a colloidal solution. Application Method ECC-407 will have a dissolving power similar to that of xylene or toluene, but with a greatly improved capacity to carry undissolved Asphaltene in solution.
  • ECC 41109ECC-41109 Viscosity Modifier is a blend of aromatic solvents with a surface-active chemical. This product is capable of removing asphaltene, bituminous and paraffinic type deposits from pumps and perforations. The chemical additive affects the surface tension of the crude oil / solvent mixture which helps hold the asphaltenes in a colloidal solution. Application Method ECC-41109 will have a dissolving power similar to that of xylene or toluene, but with a greatly improved capacity to carry undissolved Asphaltene in solution.
  • ECC 42909ECC-42909 Asphaltene dispersant / Viscosity Modifier is a blend of aromatic solvents with a surface-active chemical. This product is capable of removing Asphaltene, bituminous and paraffinic type deposits from pumps and perforations. The chemical additive affects the surface tension of the crude oil / solvent mixture which helps hold the Asphaltene in a colloidal solution. Application Method ECC-42909 will have a dissolving power similar to that of Xylene or toluene, but with a greatly improved capacity to carry undissolved Asphaltene in solution.
PARAFFIN DISPERSANT

Paraffin dispersant is made up of a unique blend of organic surface-active compounds combined with multiple aromatic solvents, designed to eliminate depositions of Paraffin. It is particularly effective in removing accumulated paraffin deposits across the vast spectrum of waxes.

Paraffin dispersant retains paraffin in the oil phase, and is typically utilized in any surface equipment where accumulation of paraffin occurs, as well as in flow lines and down hole. It can also be used for tank bottom cleanup.

  • ECC 400ECC-400 Paraffin Dispersant is a blend of paraffin in an aromatic solvent. This product is designed to remove and disperse paraffin deposits from oil field production equipment. The surfactants in ECC-400 allow the paraffin to remain dispersed in the oil phase, which will reduce paraffin in oil handling facilities. Application Method ECC-400 may be applied by continuous injection. Prior to applying ECC-400, the system should be cleaned of all deposits using a solvent designed to effectively remove paraffin deposits.
  • ECC 414ECC-414 PARAFFIN DISPERSANT is a blend of paraffin dispersants in an aromatic solvent. This product is designed to remove and disperse paraffin deposits from oil field production equipment. The surfactants in ECC-414 allow the paraffin to remain dispersed in the oil phase, which will reduce paraffin problem in oil handling facilities. Application Method ECC-414 may be applied by continuous injection. Prior to applying the ECC-414, the system should be cleaned of all deposits using a solvent such as ECC-420 or ECC-421.
  • ECC 412ECC-412 Paraffin Solvent is a blend of Paraffin Solvents in an aromatic solvent. This product is designed to remove and disperse paraffin deposits from oil field production equipment. The surfactants in ECC-412 allow the paraffin to remain dispersed in the oil phase, which will reduce paraffin problems in water handling facilities. Application Method ECC-412 may be applied by continuous injection. Prior to applying ECC-412, the system should be cleaned of all deposits using a solvent designed to effectively remove paraffin deposits.
ASPHALTENE DISPERSANT

ECC Asphaltene dispersant reduces the precipitation of Asphaltenes from crude oil. It preserves asset integrity and reliability of subsea wells and flow lines; and maximizes production potential by preventing deposition/restriction in flow lines and tubular. It is also used on surface treating operations.

Asphaltene dispersant absorbs destabilized colloidal Asphaltene, which is solid and disperses it in to oil state. This prevents formation of organic deposits on pipe surfaces or safety equipment, optimizing performance, maintaining throughput and minimizing downtime.

Asphaltene inhibitors are actually dispersants. That is, they don’t prevent Asphaltene flocculation, but rather disperse the precipitated Asphaltene to prevent deposition or agglomeration. For optimal performance, Asphaltene inhibitors have to be injected upstream of the Asphaltene flocculation location.

  • ECC 403ECC-403 ASPHALTENE SOLVENT / DISPERSANT is a blend of aromatic solvents with a surface-active chemical. This product is capable of removing asphaltene, bituminous and paraffinic type deposits from pumps and perforations. The chemical additive affects the surface tension of the crude oil / solvent mixture which helps hold the asphaltenes in a colloidal solution. Application Method ECC-403 will have a dissolving power similar to that of xylene or toluene, but with a greatly improved capacity to carry undissolved Asphaltene in solution.
ANTIFOAMS

Anti-foaming agents and defoamers are chemical additives that reduce and hinder the formation of foam in industrial process liquids.

Foam is most commonly formed when oil is depressurized and dissolved gases are released from the solution. Foam can also be created by contaminants such as drilling mud, wax, sand and asphaltene. Foam may result in the incomplete separation of liquid and gas, meaning oil droplets can remain and foul processing equipment.

ECC antifoams minimize loss of pump capacity and efficiency and prevent unplanned shutdowns, improving profitability and effectiveness of your operations.

  • ECC 910 GECC-910G Anti-Foam is a silicone defoamer in a hydrocarbon solvent. This product is effective for systems which are predominantly hydrocarbon. ECC-910G can be applied in gas separation equipment, foamy crude oil production, and other crude oil processing. ECC-910G also shows excellent performance in gas and water separation vessels where foaming may result in processing upsets. Application Method ECC-910G Anti-Foam is applied at low concentrations to suppress most foams. Initially, a concentration of 5 to 10 ppm (0.5 to 1 litre per 100m3) should be continuously injected upstream of the foaming problem.
  • ECC 911ECC-911 Anti-Foam is a poly glycol defoamer in a high aromatic naphtha. This product is effective for water injection systems. ECC-911 also shows excellent performance in gas and water separation vessels where foaming may result in processing upsets. Application Method ECC-911 Anti-Foam is applied at low concentrations to suppress most foams. Initially, a concentration of 1 to 10 ppm should be continuously injected upstream of the foaming problem.
  • ECC 91015ECC-91015 Anti-Foam is a silicone defoamer in a hydrocarbon solvent. This product is effective for systems which are predominantly hydrocarbon. ECC-91015 can be applied in gas separation equipment, foamy crude oil production, and other crude oil processing. ECC-91015 also shows excellent performance in gas and water separation vessels where foaming may result in processing upsets. Application Method ECC-91015 Anti-Foam is applied at low concentrations to suppress most foams. Initially, a concentration of 5 to 10 ppm (0.5 to 1 litre per 100m3) should be continuously injected upstream of the foaming problem.
SCALE DISSOLVERS

Scale deposition is a huge source of production decline in the global oil industry. Scale Dissolvers are the most effective method of maintaining productivity.

ECC Scale Dissolver removes oilfield scales effectively without severely corroding tubular and downhole completion equipment. The dissolvers also ensure the prevention or delay of scale formation. ECC’s scale-removal technique is rapid and effective with a high reaction rate to ensure no damage is incurred.

  • ECC 6520ECC-6520 Scale dissolver exhibits excellent removal against calcium carbonate, calcium sulfate, and barium sulfate scales encountered in oil field producing and water handling facilities. This product functions at threshold concentrations to scale crystals of carbonate and sulfate scales. ECC-6520 is poly carboxylates stable to temperatures of about 220* C. Application Method For protection of downhole oil producing equipment, ECC-6520 may be applied by continuous injection at a rate of 10 to 40 ppm (based on water production) down the annulus.
OIL SPILL DISPERSANTS

ECC Oil Spill Dispersants work effectively against your oil spillages to minimize the impact on the environment. The dispersants are a concentrated blend of anionic surfactants in an aqueous solution. Oil Spill Dispersants are capable of dissipating an oil spillage from the marine environment. They turn oil into small droplets which become easier for marine microorganisms to digest.

The dispersants contain both surface-active agents (surfactants) and solvent systems. Each surfactant molecule has a water-soluble ‘head’ group and an oil-soluble ‘tail’. Once these molecules have contact with an oil slick on the water they diffuse through the oil to the oil/water interface under the slick. Surfactants lower the oil/water interfacial tension; thus lowering the energy needed to mix oil into water. In turn this makes it easier for the oil to disperse into the water phase as discrete droplets. ECC Oil Spill Dispersants efficiently reduce the effects of oil spillages and contamination on shores.

  • ECC OSD 981ECC OSD-981 Oil Spill Dispersant is a concentrated blend of naturally derived surfactants of low toxicity and rapid biodegradability. It has been designed to disperse a wide range of crude and fuel oils when or if the need arises. This product is capable of dispersing oil spillage from the marine environment and turn it to small droplets easy to digest by marine microorganisms. ECC OSD-981 is a completely environmental friendly product with no side effect on marine life and is approved by the ministry of environment. Application Method ECC OSD-981 can be used straight or dissolved to 10 parts with water. The choice of water as solvent is an obligation to protect marine life.
OXYGEN SCAVENGERS

ECC Oxygen Scavengers enhance the prevention of oxygen-induced corrosion when they react with dissolved oxygen. For example, sulfite (SO3-2) and bisulfite (HSO3) ions combine with oxygen to form sulfate (SO4-2).

HSO3 + O2 → SO4 + H2SO4

ECC Oxygen Scavengers react with oxygen present in source water, removing the risk to its integrity and potential to react with other ions in the system. So you can protect your pipelines while keeping oil and gas production running at the highest quality.

Oxygen corrosion, in oilfield metallurgy, is often caused by the addition of fluids that have been exposed to air from the surface. Oxygen can be introduced in significant quantities when large volumes of fluid are injected downhole. For example, in fracturing operations, saltwater disposal wells, formation squeezes or water flood operations. Symptoms that can occur in oxygen downhole are dark produced water, reddish or brown solids in produced water, excessive turbidity of produced water or flaky black or reddish deposits on metal surfaces. Oxygen Scavengers react rapidly and focus on improving oxygen associated corrosion, so these symptoms do not transpire.

  • ECC OS 531ECC-OS-531 Oxygen Scavenger is a bisulfite-based oxygen scavenger. This product will remove oxygen from fresh water and from brines which contain less than approximately 3500 ppm of calcium. Application Method ECC-OS-531 should be applied to the water at a rate of 8 to 10 ppm of scavenger for each ppm of dissolved oxygen.
POLYELECTROLYTE

Polyelectrolytes are polymers carrying either positively or negatively charged ionizable groups. These groups can separate in polar solvents such as water. Polymers that ionize in solutions are called polyelectrolytes, both dissociate in water. Polymers in solutions, and at charged surfaces, depend on the fraction of dissociated iconic groups, solvent quality for polymer backbone, solution dielectric constant, salt concentration, and polymer-substrate interactions.

  • ECC 925ECC-925 Polyelectrolyte is a liquid organic flocculant with a moderate molecular weight and moderate charge density. ECC-925 is effective as a filter aid in the water injection plants. Application Method Continuous application of ECC-925 at 2 - 10 ppm is the preferred method of application used to clarify water.
  • ECC 946ECC-946 Polyelectrolyte is a liquid organic flocculant with a moderate molecular weight and moderate charge density. ECC-946 is effective as a filter aid in the water injection plants. Application Method Continuous application of ECC-946 at 2 - 10 ppm is the preferred method of application used to clarify water.
CLEANERS

Cleaners are made up from a concentrated blend of anionic surfactants in aromatic solvents. This is to guarantee the capable removal of heavy grease and soils from drilling rigs, engines and other types of machinery and lease equipment. ECC cleaners can do this rapidly as well as successfully. Cleaning is an important part of the safety regime to protect employees and equipment, and our chemicals are designed to be environmentally-friendly.

  • ECC 306ECC-306 Degreasing Compound is a concentrated blend of anionic surfactants in aromatic solvents. This product is capable of removing heavy grease and soils from drilling rigs, engines and other types of machinery and lease equipment. In addition, ECC-306 can be used to clean floors and other soiled areas. This product can be mixed with kerosene, diesel fuel or water to produce an effective cleaning solution. Application Method ECC-306 can be used straight or cut with 3 to 4 parts of solvent. The choice of solvent is based on the application.
  • ECC 307ECC-307 Cleaner/degreaser Compound is a concentrated blend of non-ionic surfactants in aromatic solvents. This product is capable of removing heavy grease and soils from drilling rigs, engines and other type of machinery and lease equipment. In addition, ECC-307 can be used to clean floors and other soiled areas. This product can be mixed with kerosene, diesel fuel or water to produce an effective cleaning solution. Application Method ECC-307 can be used straight or cut with 3 to 4 parts of solvent. The choice of solvent is based on the application.
WATER CLARIFIER

Polyelectrolyte / Deoiler is an organic cationic polymer used to remove oil and suspended solids from water. ECC water clarifiers dramatically reduce oil losses, whilst improving the quality of the water. They also contribute to control corrosion in pipes. ECC water clarifiers are suitable for use in air flotation separation, gravity settling and direct filtration.

  • ECC 97020ECC-97020 Water Clarifier is a liquid organic flocculant with a moderate molecular weight and moderate charge density. ECC-97020 is effective as a sludge dewatering aid and for influent and wastewater clarification and oil demulsification. Application Method Continuous application of ECC-97020 at 2 - 100 ppm is the preferred method of application used to clarify water.
  • ECC 97187ECC-97187 Water Clarifier is a liquid organic flocculant with a moderate molecular weight and moderate charge density. ECC-97187 is effective as a sludge dewatering aid and for influent and wastewater clarification and oil demulsification. Application Method Continuous application of ECC-97187 at 2 - 100 ppm is the preferred method of application used to clarify water.